The goal to get HIV treatment to 15 million people by the end of 2015 has already been met, says the UN
According to UNAIDS – the United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, the landmark figure was reached in March nine months ahead of schedule.
It follows decades of global efforts and investment to get antiretroviral drugs to those in need – such as people living in sub-Saharan Africa.
In 2000, when the UN first set goals to combat HIV, fewer than 700,000 people were receiving these vital medicines.
According to a UNAIDS report released in July, the global response to HIV has averted 30 million new HIV infections and nearly eight million Aids-related deaths since the millennium.
Over the same time frame, new HIV infections have fallen from 2.6 million per year to 1.8 million, and Aids-related deaths have gone down from 1.6 million to 1.2 million.
Meanwhile, global investment in HIV has gone up from £3.1bn in 2000 to more than £13bn in 2014.
“The world has delivered on halting and reversing the Aids epidemic. Now we must commit to ending the Aids epidemic as part of the Sustainable Development Goals.”
And concerted action over the next five years could end the Aids epidemic by 2030, says UNAIDS. But progress has been slower in some areas.
A major gap seems to be in awareness of HIV status, which is the biggest barrier to treatment access, says the report.
And treatment access for children has lagged behind adults – although this is now improving.
The proportion of children living with HIV who receive antiretroviral therapy almost doubled between 2010 and 2014 (from 14% to 32%), but coverage “remains notably lower than it does for adults”, says the report.
Even though new HIV infections have gone down, there is still an unacceptable number of new HIV infections each year, contributing to the burden of the epidemic.
In 2014, sub-Saharan Africa accounted for 66% of all new HIV infections. And at the last count, there were an estimated 25.8 million people in this region living with HIV. The estimated count for the whole world was 36.9 million.
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This year sees the switch from Millennium Development Goals to broader Sustainable
Development Goals. Ban Ki-moon, Secretary General of the United Nations said: “The world has delivered on halting and reversing the Aids epidemic. Now we must commit to ending the Aids epidemic as part of the Sustainable Development Goals.”
The report says the next five years will be critical and recommends front-loading investment to “sprint” towards an ambition of ending the Aids epidemic by 2030.
First published by Africa Metro
Photo title: Mihret in Ethiopia was diagnosed with HIV after losing two children. She got treated and since had a daughter Dagmawit, who is also HIV free.
Photo credit: © Martha Welday